BIOLOGY

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What do carbohydrates, fats and proteins do to help the body?
Release energy and build cells. Fats used for insulation and proteins used for growth and repair.
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What do minerals and vitamins do to help the body?
Needed in small amounts for healthy functioning of the body.
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When does a person lose mass?
When the enrgy content of the food taken in is less thant the amount of energy expended by the body.
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What increases the expendation of energy by the body?
Exercise
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What is your Metabolic Rate?
Rate at which all the chemical reactions in the cells of the body are carried out.
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What affects your Metabolic Rate?
Amount of activity, inherited factors and proportion of muscle to fat.
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What else do inherited factors affect?
Cholesterol levels
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Why does the proportion of muscle to fat increase your metabolic rate?
Muscle needs more energy than fatty tissue
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How does exercise increase your metabolic rate?
Builds muscle
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What is meant by someone's diet is unbalanced?
They are malnourished
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What leads to obesity?
Excess carbohydrates or fats in the body, hormonal problems, overeating, lack of exercise
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What health problems arise when obese?
Arthritis, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and cancer
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What leads to the increase in blood cholesterol levels?
Too much saturated fat in the diet and eating too much salt.
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What health problems arise when consuming too little?
Slow growth, fatigue, poor resistance to infection, irregular periods in women and deficiency disease e.g Scurvy
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How does exercise help the body?
Increases amount of energy used by the body and decreases the amount stored as fat.
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If you exercise, does it matter if your diet is unbalanced?
Yes, you can be fit but malnourished.
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What is cholesterol?
Fatty substance that is essential for good health. Found in every cell in the body. Too much can lead to health problems.
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What is your lifestyle?
What you eat and what you do
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do minerals and vitamins do to help the body?

Back

Needed in small amounts for healthy functioning of the body.

Card 3

Front

When does a person lose mass?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What increases the expendation of energy by the body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is your Metabolic Rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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