Biology

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DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the chemical that makes up chromosomes
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Chromosomes
Found in pairs(one from your mother and one from your father), chromosomes are in the nucleus of the cell and are made up of different genes.
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Base
Bases are proteins made up of amino acids. DNA molecules are made up of bases set up in a specific code which make up the characteristics of a gene. There are 4 different bases (A, T, C. G) that make up thousands of different combinations.
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Double helix
The structure a DNA molecule i found as - two strands, twisted together
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Mitosis
A type of cell division that leads to the growth and replacement of cells
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Meiosis
A type of cell division that halves the number of chromosomes in the resulting daughter cells, this produces sex cells
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Allele
An alternative version of the same gene
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Genotype
The combination of a pair of alleles for a specific gene
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Phenotype
The characteristic that can be seen
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Homozygous
A gene with the same allele in its pair
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Heterozygous
A gene with different alleles in its pair
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Cystic Fibrosis
A serious defect of the pancreas. It is caused by the recessive gene and therefore the gene needs to be homozygous
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Sickle cell
Causes the person with the disease to produce an abnormal kind of haemoglobin in his or her
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Dominant allele
The allele that always shows even if the individualonly has one copy of the allele
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Recessive allele
This allele only shows if the individual has two copies of the recessive alleles
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Polydactyly
A disorder where you end up with extra digits
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Cell
The basic building blocks of a living organism
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Nucleus
The part of a cell that contains genetic information
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Found in pairs(one from your mother and one from your father), chromosomes are in the nucleus of the cell and are made up of different genes.

Back

Chromosomes

Card 3

Front

Bases are proteins made up of amino acids. DNA molecules are made up of bases set up in a specific code which make up the characteristics of a gene. There are 4 different bases (A, T, C. G) that make up thousands of different combinations.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The structure a DNA molecule i found as - two strands, twisted together

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A type of cell division that leads to the growth and replacement of cells

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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