Biological molecules vocabulary

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Monomer
A small molecule that is one of the units bonded to make a polymer.
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Ploymer
A large molecule made of many small molecules.
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Carbohydrate
A class of biological molecule that includes sugars, starches, glycogen and cellulose.
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Monosaccharide
A simple sugar molecule, the monomer of polysaccharides.
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Disaccharide
A molecule consisting of two monosaccharide sugars joined by a glycosidic bond.
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Polysaccharide
A polymer consisting of many monosaccharide monomers covalenty together.
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Condensation reaction
A type of chemical reaction in which two molecules are joined together by means of a covalent bond to form a larger molecule, and at the same time a water molecule is released.
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Hydrolysis reaction
A reaction in which a molecule is broken down into two smaller molecules by the addition of a water molecule and the breaking of a covalent bond.
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Glycosidic bond
The colvalent bond formed when carbohydrate molecules are joined together in a condensation reaction.
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Card 2

Front

A large molecule made of many small molecules.

Back

Ploymer

Card 3

Front

A class of biological molecule that includes sugars, starches, glycogen and cellulose.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A simple sugar molecule, the monomer of polysaccharides.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A molecule consisting of two monosaccharide sugars joined by a glycosidic bond.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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