Biological Approach

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Why might an offspring take after their parents?
the hereditary passage of genes
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what do genes carry?
instructions for a charcteristic
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what does the nature - nurture debate discuss?
whether it was the fact that genes that interact with each other or the environment that determines our charcteristics
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What is the genetic code that is written in the DNA of every cell?
Genotype
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What is a phenotype
the physical appearance of the resulting genotype
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Why can we not assess the Genotype by assessing the Phenotype?
Some Genes are ressesive and will be present and may be carried on but not expressed
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Heritabliity describes what?
The variation of a gene within a population attributable to genetic differences between the population
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If the traits are more affected by genetic as opposed to emnvironmental factors, they are more what?
They are greater in heritablility
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how much of the brain is made up by the cerebrum?
85%
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What are neurotransmitters that stimulate the brain called?
excitatory
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What are neurotransmitters that calm the brain called?
Inhibitory
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What did Carre etal (2006) show about hormones?
Canadian ice hocky payers' testosterone spiked when they played their home stadium suggesting that they were energized to defend their home town
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E1: What is scientific about the biological approach to psychology?
It mainly uses highly controlled + reproducible
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E2: What applications does the biological approach offer?
Knoladge of the behavoiour of Nerotransmitters has led to the development of anti depreesints + reaserch into circadian rhythms has contributed to improved working conditions in mines
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E3: What is reductionist about the biological approach?
Many explinations of menta disorders are accused of being reductionsist as they are broken down into effects of genes or neurotransmitters = while it is scientific it doesn't take into account other causal factors
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E4: How is there conflict between cultural and evelutionry explintion of behvoiour manifest itself?
because certain practices are evolutionary discouraged such as insets taboo (inbreeding) are also covered by cultural moral codes
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Card 2

Front

what do genes carry?

Back

instructions for a charcteristic

Card 3

Front

what does the nature - nurture debate discuss?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the genetic code that is written in the DNA of every cell?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a phenotype

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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