Attachment

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 11-05-14 15:51
Who discovered imprinting?
Konrad Lorenz
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What are the three characteristics of imprinting?
Critical period. Irreversible. Template for future relationships.
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What are the five characteristics of the evolutionary theory of attachment?
Sensitive period. Irreversible. Continuity hypothesis. Social releasers. Monotropy.
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Who carried out research to support the continuity hypothesis?
Hazan and Shaver
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How do behavioural psychologists believe that children attach?
Through classical conditioning they learn to associate the caregiver with the joy of eating.
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In the Glasgow babies study how many children didn't attach to the main caregiver?
39%
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what are the short term effects of maternal deprivation?
Protest, despair, detachment
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What are the long term effects of maternal deprivation?
aggression, depression, delinquency, intellectual retardation, dependancy, dwarfism, affectionless psychopathy, social maladjustment.
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What do studies show about how day care affects attachment?
Belsky and Rovine say it disrupts attachment, causing permeant harm. Clarke Stewart et al said that when tested in the strange situation there was no difference in attachment of children in daycare.
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What do studies show about how day care affects peer relations?
Shea said that children who attended day care regularly were more sociable. Sroufe et al said that because day care affects attachment it makes children socially maladjusted.
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What do studies show about how day care affects aggression in children?
Haskins said that large groups of children are more likely to be aggressive. Clarke Stewart said that what is sometimes reported as aggressive behaviour is really just confidence.
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Card 2

Front

What are the three characteristics of imprinting?

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Critical period. Irreversible. Template for future relationships.

Card 3

Front

What are the five characteristics of the evolutionary theory of attachment?

Back

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Card 4

Front

Who carried out research to support the continuity hypothesis?

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Card 5

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How do behavioural psychologists believe that children attach?

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