Aswan Dam

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Aswan Dam Location
Built on the river Nile (the world's biggest river) with it's source in the Ethiopian Highlands and the cost exceeded $1 billion, it was opened in 1971.
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4 Main purposes
Flood control (annual flooding from snow melt from the Ethiopian Highlands), HEP (doubled previous output), Regulate water supply (Desert climate and so water level fluctuates), Navigation (for tourism and transport links).
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Environmental benefits
Cash crops can be grown (maize, sugar cane and cotton.)
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Economic benefits
HEP has doubled Egypt's previous output, also there is now guaranteed irrigation (more than one crop can be grown)
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Social benefits
People benefit for the guaranteed water supply for domestic use, the also benefit from new transport links.
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Political benefits
The energy produced is 'green power' and produces no pollution.
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Environmental problems
Land is stripped of nutrients it would have previously gotten from the annual flooding, fish count is decreasing as fewer nutrients reach the sea.
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Economic problems
Egypt has had to buy in artificial fertilizer as the land is not being provided with nutrients anymore, it is also expensive to clear all the mud and sea defenses are needed.
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Social problems
Forced migration (10,000 resettlements.)
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Political problems
Had to move historical places.
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Card 2

Front

4 Main purposes

Back

Flood control (annual flooding from snow melt from the Ethiopian Highlands), HEP (doubled previous output), Regulate water supply (Desert climate and so water level fluctuates), Navigation (for tourism and transport links).

Card 3

Front

Environmental benefits

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Economic benefits

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Social benefits

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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