plato's philosophy

  • Created by: beaw18
  • Created on: 01-06-19 14:48
what are plato's forms?
unchanging, pure and perfect 'essences' of things
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what is the world of the forms?
place outside of space and time where the forms reside, where our souls come from
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what is the world of appearances?
the world we live in, where the forms are imitated
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what book is plato's theory of the forms found in?
the republic
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why does plato believe we need the forms to understand the world?
words such as beauty and goodness are very hard to define. plato believes there must be a fixed version of these things that we can compare to things in this world
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what is true knowledge for plato?
knowledge of the forms
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what was at the top of plato's hierarchy of the forms?
the form of the good
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how is the form of the good similar to the judeo-christian god?
source of all goodness in the world
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how do humans have knowledge of the forms?
humans have immortal souls which lived in the world of forms before entering the world of appearances
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does plato believe the body and soul are separate, therefore making him a substance dualist?
yes
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what does the analogy of the cave show?
that philosophy is the key to understanding the truth of the universe
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what does the sun represent in the cave analogy?
the form of the good
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what is not a characteristic of plato's soul?
ever changing
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what book are plato's theory of the forms found in?
phaedo
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does plato believe in eternal life?
yes
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what is plato's recollection argument?
all knowledge is a form of recollection. the soul must exist, as how else would a young, untutored boy come to mathematical conclusions?
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what is plato's cyclical argument?
that opposites rely on each other. if life leads to death, then death must lead to life, meaning that an immortal soul exists.
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Card 2

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what is the world of the forms?

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place outside of space and time where the forms reside, where our souls come from

Card 3

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what is the world of appearances?

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Card 4

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what book is plato's theory of the forms found in?

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Card 5

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why does plato believe we need the forms to understand the world?

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