Arguments based on reason

Is the ontological argument an a priori argument or an a posteriori argument?
A priori.
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What does Anselm think is a definition of God that we would all accept?
That than which nothing greater can be thought.
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What does the fall say in his heart?
There is no God.
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What does 'contingent existence' mean?
Existence that depends on other things.
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How do the two forms of Anselm's argument differ?
The first looks at the idea of an actual God surpassing an imaginary one, whilst the second one looks at the nature of necessary existence.
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What is an 'analytic proposition'?
A proposition that does not need any sense experience to support its truth.
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What was Gaunilo's objection to the ontological argument?
He said that if we replace 'God' in the argument with 'island' then it becomes plain that we cannot bring something into existence just by our description of it.
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How did Descartes use the analogy of a triangle in his ontological argument?
He said that just as three angles adding up to 180 degrees are inseparable from a triangle, so existence is inseparable from God.
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What is a 'predicate'?
A term which describes something and tells us about its characteristics.
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In which century did Kant live?
Eighteenth.
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What is Aquinas' main objection to the ontological argument?
He didn't think that we all share a concept of what God is; he thought that God is beyond understanding.
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Who used the statement 'the present king of France is bald' to illustrate his objection to the ontological argument?
Bertrand Russell.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Anselm think is a definition of God that we would all accept?

Back

That than which nothing greater can be thought.

Card 3

Front

What does the fall say in his heart?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does 'contingent existence' mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do the two forms of Anselm's argument differ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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