American West

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  • Created on: 01-04-15 19:38
2 types of people who went to the Great Plains first?
Freed slaves and European Immigrants
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How did the the Government incentivise the railway companies to build the transcontinental railway?
Gave them a two mile stretch of land eitheir side of the railroad
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The railroads wanted people to move west. They did this by offering a settlement package. What did it include?
Safe, cheap and speedy journey west. Temporary accomodation until families had built their own houses. Attraction such as churches and schools along with no tax for 5 years
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State the four reasons people moved West
Homestead act. Railroads. Manifest Destiny. Tall Tales
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Tall tales were told in order to encourage people to move west. Give an example of one
You could grow pumpkins as big as barns and maize as tall as telegraph poles
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Simply state 5 problems the Homesteaders had when they arrived at the Great Plains
Building a house. Dirt and disease. Housework. Isolation. Law and order
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A problem for Homesteaders was Law and Order. How did they resolve it?
Law courts and sherrifs such as Wyatt Earp established Law and Order
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A problem for Homesteaders was isolation. Why?
There was no social life because of the distances between farmhouses
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A problem for Homesteaders was buliding houses. Explain further
There was little wood on the Great Plains to build any
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A problem for Homesteaders was building houses. How did they overcome this problem?
Built Sod houses using mud and turf from the plains
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A problem for the Homesteaders was dirt and disease. Explain further
Sod houses leaked and bedbugs lived in their millions. They had no disenfectants and outdoor toilets and open wells were very unhygenic. The death rate was very high
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A problem for the Homesteaders was dirt and disease. How did they overcome this?
A thick coat of whitewash would kill bedbugs. And a layer of clay would stop leaks.
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State 6 problems farmers faced on the Great Plains
Farming. Drought. Food. Fences. Insect pests. Law and order
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A problem faced by farmers on the Great Plains was Law and Order. Give 4 examples
Rival settlers. Bandits. Native Americans. Vigilante cattlemen
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A problem faced by farmers on the Great Plains was Farming. Give 3 examples of why it was a problem
A hard crust on the soil made it hard to start farming. Farmers could not afford a plough or machine. There were not enough workers
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A problem faced by farmers on the Great Plains was farming. 2 examples of how it was solved
Sod busters were invented. They were steel ploughs that did the very first plough. After 1880 thresher teams travelled around following the harvest. Farmers could hire them for temporary work
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A problem faced by farmers was drought. Explain further
There was only 38cm of rainfall a year. Heat evaporated dampness
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What was the Timber Culture Act supposed to combat?
A problem faced by farmers on the Great Plians was that they could not grow enough food to feed their families so the Act gave farmers another 160 acres of land but only if they grew some trees
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Why was Turkey Red wheat imported?
It was drought resistance
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State 9 problems of Law and Order in the West
Distance. Poverty. More men than women. Different races. Culture of violence. Land claims. Cattle barons. Vigilantes
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Problems with Law and Order in the West included Distance, Poverty, More men than women, and different races. Explain how each was a problem
D: difficult to cover large areas of land P: people were prepared to resort to desperate measures MMTW: no calming influence and prostitution DR: different languages meant there was not a sense of united community
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Problems with Law and Order included Culture of violence, Land claims, Cattle Barons and a poor court system
COV: everyone carried guns and sorted problems by violence LC: arguments over land ownership CB: citizens were scared to speak out and juries could be bribed PCS: Judges had a poor knowlege of the legal system and there was a lack of convictions
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How were the opposing sides in the shootout at OK corral?
Wyatt Earp v Clanton gang
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Define vigilante
An ordinary citizen who take the law into their own hands
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In the Johnston County war, who did Govenor Barber of Wyoming support?
Supported the cattlemen who said Homesteaders were rstling their cattle
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In the Johnston County War who did The sherrif of Buffalo (Red Angus) support?
The Homesteaders who said cattle barons were stealing their land
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What did the Cattlemen regulary do to the Homesteaders?
Lynch them
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What did the cattlemen do which sparked the start of the Johnston County War?
Assembled a list of 70 rustlers(homesteaders) that they wanted to kill and in spring 1892 they attacked the KC ranch and killed Nick Ray and Nate Chapman
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What did Red ANgus do in response to the KC ranch attack? (Johnson County War)
Got a group of 319 men who trapped the cattlemen at the TA ranch
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In the Johnson County War, who rescued the cattlemen from Red Angus and the Homesteaders?
The Army cavalry
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Describe the climax of the Johnston County War?
The cattlemen were charged with murder. However they bribed the jury and the case was dropped. Never the less the war marked the end of the power of the cattlemen
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What did the Johnson County War mark the end of?
Power of the cattlemen
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When was the first Fort Laramie treaty signed?
1851
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When was the second Fort Laramie treaty signed?
1868
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In the first Fort Laramie treaty who was it signed between?
Sioux and the US government
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What did the Sioux get out of the frst Fort Laramie treaty?
Right to the Black Hills. 50,000 pounds a year for 50 years.
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What did the US government get out of the first Fort Laramie treaty?
Native Americans would stay in reservations. Railroads and trail passages could be built through the reservations
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The Native American resevations represented what percentage of American land?
5
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What wa sthe main difference between the first Fort Laramie treaty and the second?
No one could pass through the Native American reservations
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did the the Government incentivise the railway companies to build the transcontinental railway?

Back

Gave them a two mile stretch of land eitheir side of the railroad

Card 3

Front

The railroads wanted people to move west. They did this by offering a settlement package. What did it include?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

State the four reasons people moved West

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Tall tales were told in order to encourage people to move west. Give an example of one

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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