American West

  • Created by: cedd11
  • Created on: 01-06-18 12:18
Indian Removal Act - DATE
1830
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Indian Removal Act - WHAT IT WAS
Forces Indians in eastern states to move west - they promised them land. This land was seen as 'useless land' by the white Americans
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Oregon Trail & Donner Party - DATE
1846
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Donner Party - WHO WERE THEY
The group was heavily populated with women, elderly and young children. They strayed away from the route and ultimately died due to conditions and turned to cannibalism.
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Oregon Trail - WHAT IT WAS
Route set out to help Americans migrate from East to West
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Gold Rush - DATE
1849
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Gold Rush - WHAT IT WAS
Discovery of gold led to a huge increase in migration to the West.
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Mormon migration - DATE
1846 -47
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Comparing Mormon migration to Donner Party
Young had precisely planned the migration to the finest detail, he hand picked who came and ensured there was enough food for a year.
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Indian Appropriations Act - DATE
1851
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Indian Appropriations Act - WHAT IT WAS
Paid for Indians to move onto reservations. It was farm like which aimed for whites to teach Indians to assimilate.
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Manifest Destiny - WHAT IT WAS
It was God's desire for Americans to migrate west
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Pull factors of moving west
Gold, Space, Fertile land - Oregon trail made it easier to migrate
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Push factors
Overcrowding, unemployment, hard to come back if you don't like it
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Consequences of the Gold Rush
Racial tension due to immigration, Lawlessness, Manifest destiny - Whites saw this destiny as coming true
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Why were Mormons successful in Utah
Good leadership, Mix of people with different skills in towns, Faith encouraged hard work
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Fort Laramie Treaty - DATE
1851
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Fort Laramie Treaty - WHAT IT WAS
Forced Indians onto reservations , they lost their independence - whites allowed freely onto their land
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Consequences of lawlessness in the West
Town marshals, Deputy marshals and US marshals introduced to tackle the issue.
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The Homestead Act - DATE
1862
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The Homestead Act - WHAT IT WAS
Provided screws of land in the west for low money, you weren't allowed more Ethan one claim.
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The Homestead Act - Limitations
Problems on farming in the Plains , despite government aims rich landowners found ways to buy up land.
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The First Transcontinental Railroad - DATE
1869
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Advantages of transcontinental railroad
Helped to promote settlement of West, allowed Americans to keep in touch, fulfilled manifest destiny
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The Goodnight - Loving trail - WHAT IT WAS
A trail set up to transport cattle to sell in Wyoming
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John Iliff - WHO HE WAS
Able to get to Denver in Colorado - a new mining town and sold beef
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Ranchers vs homesteaders
Ranchers shared open land whereas homesteaders owned private land.
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The Indian Wars - Little Crow's War 1862
Little Crow and his tribe faced starvation so they stole food and burned agency buildings, they were moved to Crow Creek but the barren landscape meant they had many deaths.
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The Indian Wars - Sand Creek Massacre 1864
Black Kettle and his tribe faced starvation so stole from travellers but didn't harm them, after negotiations the government turned don Black Kettle and attacked even tho the white flag of peace was tased by the Indians
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The Indian Wars - Red Cloud'sWar - 1866-68
Red Cloud made attacks on travellers because their trails ran through his territory
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Exoduster movement
Black people freed from slavery because of civil war moved west to settle and be free.
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Billy the Kid
An outlaw who was famous for stealing, he was found and shot dead
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Wyatt Earp
Arrested for fighting, he then helped with an investigation and enjoyed being on the side of the law.
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Johnson County War - what it was
War between homesteaders and ranchers
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Battle of Little Big Horn - DATE
1876
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Battle of Little Big Horn - WHAT WAS IT
Sioux nation defeated US army, initially a success but then the Indians were hated even more and consequences were brutal
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The wounded knee massacre - DATE
1890
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The wounded knee massacre - WHAT IT WAS
Big Foot's tribe got rounded up and taken to wounded knee creek where they were all murdered
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Indian Removal Act - WHAT IT WAS

Back

Forces Indians in eastern states to move west - they promised them land. This land was seen as 'useless land' by the white Americans

Card 3

Front

Oregon Trail & Donner Party - DATE

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Donner Party - WHO WERE THEY

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Oregon Trail - WHAT IT WAS

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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