.Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
.Signed in 1882
. In 1879 the German Chancellor (Equivalent to prime minister) Bismarck signed the Dual Alliance with Austria to strengthen Germay against France and Russia.
. Three years later, italy joined and it became the Triple Alliance. This was a defensive alliance with all three powers agreeing to support each other if one of them was attcked by two or more powers.
1. Franco-Russian Dual Alliance of 1894
. Kaiser Wilhelm II had made it clear that he did not favour close relations with russia.
. Both France and Russia felt isolated in Europe
. France was still determined to get revenge on Germany for the defeat of 1871 and wanted to recover the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine.
. Russia was in need of a loan to develop her economy.
. The alliance was defensive, with both countries agreeing to support each other if attacked by Germany or Austria-Hungary.
2. Entente Cordiale of 1904 (France and Britain) Reasons for this were: