Russian Civil War 1917-22


Causes of the Russian Civil War;

The Civil War was caused by an array of issues such as; Lenin's Actions, the Challenge to Bolshevik Rule, the Famine and the Desire for National Independence...

Lenin's Actions: 

  • Lenin knew that if Bolsheviks cooperated then it would make successful counter-revolution easier 

The Challenge to Bolshevik Rule:

  • Social Revolutionarie's (SRs) driven from the government beacuse they opposed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and refused to sign it 
  • Attempted revenge by the majority party
  • The SRs joined the Whites against the Reds 


  • Government faced with loss of Germany to Russia's main supply area 
  • March 1918 - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed
  • June 1918 - The workforce in Petrograd shrunk by 60%

Desire for National Independance 

  • Reds (Bolsheviks) VS Whites (Enemy)
  • The struggle was presented as a class war 
  • National minorities fought in the war as an attempt to gain…


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