Symptoms of anorexia nervosa:
- Body weight less than 85% of normal weight for age and height
- Intense fear of becoming fat
- Distorted perception of body weight and shape
- Amenorrhoea (loss of 3 consecutive menstrual cycles in women)
99% of cases are seen in women
SLT - learn through observing and imitating models in the media.
Striegel-Moore and Bulik (2007) - media images of idealised women have become taller and slimmer in the last 50 years which is associated with the rise in eating disorders
Groesz et al (2002) - meta review showed exposure to images of thin women increases body dissatisfaction in females.
Becker et al (2002) - eating disorders only found in Fiji after the introduction of TV and exposure to Western images of women.
Only a tiny % of women exposed to these images develop an eating disorder - must be other factors.
Girls internalise media and culturally defined standards of female beauty - leads to dissatisfaction with own body shape and vulnerability to an eating disorder.
Females who develop eating disorders tend to be perfectionists with high social anxiety and low self-esteem - personality makes them vulnerable.
Bruch (1973) - girls develop anorexia when trying to feel independent or autonomous in families where autonomy is…