CHEMISTRY C7 REVISION: The Haber Process
The Haber Process is used to produce ammonia which can then be used to make
fertilisers, explosives and medecines etc.
It is a reversible reaction that produces ammonia from nitrogen (N2) and Hydrogen (H2)
This is the chemical equation:
N2(g) + 3H2 (g) ⇌ 2NH3 (g)
How the process works:
1) Nitrogen and Hydrogen from the atmosphere are heated up at a temperature of 450 degrees(C), with an iron catalyst and with a pressure of about 200 atmospheres (atm) which means that it is 200 times normal pressure. These are the conditions needed for nitrogen and hydrogen to be able to react.
- HIGH temperature
- HIGH pressure
- A iron catalyst
2) This reaction produces Ammonia which has a chemical formula of NH3.
Nitrogen with a formula of N2 and…