Neurones- Basic Structure


A neurone is a specialised cell that is essential for impulse transmission throughout the nervous system


General structure

  • Cell body. Shown in purple on the diagram, the cell body contains the nucleus, as well as large amounts of endoplasmic reticulum. These are both associated with the production of neurotransmitter, a protein which is vital for nerve cells.
  • Dendrons. these are long extensions of the cell body, and carry nerve impulses towards the cell body
  • Axon. This is a long fibre that carries nerve impulses away…


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