Learning approach: Social learning theory notes

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Social learning theory


·         Albert Bandura agreed with behaviourists in saying that behaviour is learned from experience.

·         Banduras social learning theory proposed people learn a different way – through observation and imitation of others within social context. Social learning.

·         Learning occurs directly through classical and operant conditioning.

·         Also indirectly.

Vicarious reinforcement

·         Individual observes behaviour of others.

·         Behaviour can then be imitated, in general imitation only occurs if behaviour is seen to be rewarded rather than punished i.e. vicarious reinforcement. 

·         Learner observes not only the behaviour but also the consequences of the behaviour.

The role of meditational


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