- Ratio Decidendi
- "Reasons for Deciding"
- Why the judge decided between 'liable' and 'not-liable' or 'guilty' and 'not guilty'
- Obiter Dicta
- "Other things said"
- Other things mentioned in the judgement, such as hypothetical situations where the decision may have been different.
- Stare Decisis
- "Decision must stand"
- A decision all judges in lower…