Institutional Aggression

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Importation Model (Dispositional)

  • Aggression is imported from outside 
  • Aggressors not 'black slates' - bring own social histories/personal traits - influences aggression
  • inmates with aggressive values, attitudes & experiences(gang, previous criminal activity/weapons, alcohol dependent, demographic(race, age,unemployment, uneducated)
  • More aggressive with these traits than without.

Deprivation Model (Situational)

  • Aggression is a product of stressful and oppressive conditions
  • Catalysed by Management style, staff experience and factors such as noise, temperature and overcrowding.
  • Model doesn't deny the possiblity that inmates enter prison with cultural norms that are…


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