Institutional aggression occurs the situational or dispositional factors
- Instrumental aggression - institutional groups sharing a common identity, such as the army, use aggression in non emotive ways, as a calculated means of achieving goals.
- Hostile aggression - people living in institutions such as jails, use aggression emerging from emotional states such as frustration.
Warfare involves instrumental aggression occuring mainly through situational factors. Warfare is not uniquely human. Ant colonies wage war and research into warfare among animals. led to evolutionary explanations, which see warfare arising from carnivores' hunter-killer instics, or from group defence behaviour against predators. Modern human warfare is particularly destructive, because aggression os not face-to-face divorceing humans from the consequences of their actions. Opponents…