Electrolysis is the splitting up of substances made of ions via electricity.
The electric current decomposes the substance into smaller substances.
These smaller substance is known as the electrolyte.
To set up an electric circuit for use in electrolysis we need;
- Two electrodes made of inert (unreactive) substances
- An anode (+)
- A cathode (-)
- The solution or molten electrolyte
- To dip the electrodes into
Remember ions are atoms with charge. So;
- Negative ions attractive to positive terminal
- anions --> anode
- Positive ions attracted to negative terminal
- cathions --> cathode
After the ions have been moved to their respective terminals, they may lose their charge and instead deposit themselves on the electrode as an element. This could be gas or metal.
splitting up Lead Bromide.
PbBr2 --> Pb(liquid) +…