Describe the synthesis of triglyceride by the formation of ester bonds during condensation reactions between glycerol and three fatty acids and recognise differences between saturated and unsaturated lipids. (Activity 1.16)

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  • Three fatty acids and one glycerol molecule make up one triglyceride molecule.
  • The molecules bond with an ester bond again a condensation reaction.
  • The bond is between an oxygen and carbon atom (the carbon has a double bond between an oxygen).
  • A saturated lipid has a chain of hydrocarbons which is saturated with hydrogen atoms.
  • An unsaturated lipid

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