criminal vs civil law


What is the difference between criminal and civil law?

Criminal law

Criminal law relates to offences and breaches of law that negatively affects society as a whole.

If a person breaches criminal law, they’re subject to criminal prosecution by the State - usually brought by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) in the name of the Crown, and trials are held in a Magistrates’ Court or the Crown Court.

Examples of criminal offences:

Burglary, theft, arson and criminal damage Assault and battery Murder

“Innocent until proven guilty”

State must prove that D is guilty beyond reasonable doubt.

If convicted, the offender will receive the penalty laid out in


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