The Global Criminal Economy
Held et al -- Globalisation of crime (increasing interconectedness of crime across borders, spread of transnational organised crime).
Castells (1998) -- Global criminal economy worth of £1 trillion per annum.
- Trafficking, smuggling immigrants, sex tourism, terrorism.
- Drgs Trade ($300-400 per year at street prices) - money laundering off profits.
Supply and demand (demand in west, supply in third world countries).
Global Risk Consciousness
e.g. economic migrants, asylum seekers etc.
intensification of social control at national level (tightening…