Chemistry - Acids, Bases and Salts

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Acids have a pH of less than 7.

Bases have a pH of more than 7.

When Bases are dissolved in water, they are known as alkalis.

Salts are made when an Acid reacts with a Base, Carbonate or Metal.

The name of the salt formed would depend upon the metal in the base and the acid used.  (example - salts made from hydrochloric acid, make chlorides)


The more strongly acidic the solution, the lower the pH number.

Acidic solutions…


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