Chapter 1 Worked Examples: Functions

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Example 1:

Find the domain and range of these relations: 

a) {(1,4),(2,7),(3,10),(4,13)}

b) {(-2,4),(-1,1),(0,0),(1,1),(2,4)}

Answers

a) The domain is {1,2,3,4}

The range is {4,7,10,13}

b) The domain is {-2,-1,0,1,2}

The range is {0,1,4}

  • So the domain is the x value of a pair and the y value represents the range
  • Do not repeat value, eg even though in b) there are two 4s and two 1s

Example 2

Which of these sets of ordered pairs are functions?

a) {(1,4),(2,6),(3,8),(3,9),(4,10)}

b) {(1,3),(2,5),(3,7),(4,9),(5,11)}

c) {(-2,1),(-1,1),(0,2),(1,4),(2,6)}

Answers

a) Not a function because the number 3 appears twice in the domain 

b) A function because all of the elements are different 

c) A function because all of the elements are different.

  • It does not matter is there are y values which are the same 

Example 3

What are the graphical characteristics that a relation must have in order to be classified as a function?

Answer

Using the vertical line test, there must be no point at which it crosses the curve more than once. Therefore, there must be no point at which there are two y values for one x value. 

Example 4

Identify the horizontal and vertical asymptotes for these functions if they exist. 

a) y=2^x

b) y=2x/(x+1)

c) y=(x+2)/(x+1)(x-2)

Answers

  • This can be shown both graphically and by calculation. Graphically an asymptote is shown by the line which the curve tends towards but never reaches. Below I have shown these…

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