Capacitors are used for storing charge. They are two plates in a circuit that are close together but not touching, they are separated by a dielectric which, if it breaks, the dielectric will breakdown and charge will be lost. An example of a capacitor is a thundercloud.
Capacitors have a capacitance which is defined as the charge stored per unit volt.
C = Q/V C is capacitance measured in farads
1F = 1 C V-1 (A capacitance of…