C3- organic chemistry

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structures of alcohols, carboxyclic acids and esters

  • organic molecules form the basis of living things and contain carbon atoms
  • series of molecules that have a general formula are called homologous series e.g. alkane and alkene
  • alchohols have functional group -O-H 
  • displayed formula of methanol=
  • structural formula of methanol= CH3OH
  • carboxcylic acids have functional group -COOH
  • displayed formula of ethanoic acid=
  • structural formula of ethanoic acid=CH3COOH
  • esters have the functional group -COO-
  • ethylethanoate displayed formula=
  • ethylethanoate structural formula=C4H8O2

properties and uses of alcohols

  • alcohols with smaller molecules such methanol and ethanol mix well with water and produce natural solutions
  • acohols are useful solvents because substances dissolve in them
  • ethanol is main alcohol in wine and beer
  • alcohols burn in air to…


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