Cognitive Interview Technique
Geiselman et al. (1984) produced a theory that solved the problem of police interviewer affecting the accuracy of an eye-witness.
Old interviewing techniques were so bad that interviewees were being bombarded with blunt, direct, close-ended question that did not satisfy the response needed to hold a reliable source for convicting criminals etc.: thus a new technique was required.
Geiselman et al. (1984)
1. Context Reinstatement - Witnesses are asked to recall the scene, the weather, what they were thinking or feeling etc.. This acts as a 'que card' and enhances their recall. E.g. What Shops were around? How was the weather before the incident?
2. Report Everything - Witnesses must be asked to…