Anxiety is a sense of fear/worry that someone experiences when they think something unpleasant is going to happen.

Elizabeth Loftus (1979) - When a weapon is used, witnesses tend to focus attention on it and fail to notice other important details. Such as the criminals face.

Method : Laboratory 

IV - 'Type of discussion / Sounds participants hear / 'weapon used'

DV - Person identified in the pictures.

Participants were asked to identify the person holding the pen/knife from 50 photos.

The condition with the person holding the pen showed better eyewitness testimony. This is because the participants were not distracted by the presence of a weapon (knife).


- High in internal…


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