2. Imperial and colonial policy, c1857-90

  • Created by: jxssrules
  • Created on: 17-05-18 20:20
  • 1801 - 'Colonial Office' (North America, Australia, West Indies, Africa & Mediterranean)
  • Headed by a Cabinet minister/Colonial Secretary
  • Seen as stepping-stone to greater things/short-term
  • Course of 19C - the work undertaken increased enormously
  • Middle of 19C - white settler colonies became more self-governing: responsible government
  • Demands of territorial acquisitions 
  • 'Orders in council' issued on the advice of law officers in London as a means of administering the Crown colonies without local consultation
  • Did not have responsibility for all British possessions overseas
  • Responsibilites varied
  • Foreign Office had authority over some protectorates and other areas (Egypt & treaty ports in China)
  • 1858: separate India Office (with its own SOS) handled Indian and Far Eastern Affairs; reflected importance of GB involvement in India and impact of Indian Mutiny (1857) which shook GB confidence

...

India's administration and defence

India's administration

Previously overseen by British East India Company

Attempt to control Indian Mutiny hit GB hard; lasted 1 year, 1,000s of deaths; Dispatch of GB troops to support EICArmy: demonstrated GB resolve to retain India at all costs; Not surprising GB gov determined a change of rule necessary to prevent recurrence

'We desire to show Our Mercy, by pardoning the Offences of those who have been thus misled'. - Queen Vic

The Government of India Act, 1858

  • EIC handed territories, running & control of India to GB gov & the Company was entirely dissolved
  • Secretary of State for India position created: controlled Indian Civil Service
  • Assisted by Indian Council
  • The Crown appointed a Viceroy to…

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2. Imperial and colonial policy, c1857-90

  • Created by: jxssrules
  • Created on: 17-05-18 20:20
  • 1801 - 'Colonial Office' (North America, Australia, West Indies, Africa & Mediterranean)
  • Headed by a Cabinet minister/Colonial Secretary
  • Seen as stepping-stone to greater things/short-term
  • Course of 19C - the work undertaken increased enormously
  • Middle of 19C - white settler colonies became more self-governing: responsible government
  • Demands of territorial acquisitions 
  • 'Orders in council' issued on the advice of law officers in London as a means of administering the Crown colonies without local consultation
  • Did not have responsibility for all British possessions overseas
  • Responsibilites varied
  • Foreign Office had authority over some protectorates and other areas (Egypt & treaty ports in China)
  • 1858: separate India Office (with its own SOS) handled Indian and Far Eastern Affairs; reflected importance of GB involvement in India and impact of Indian Mutiny (1857) which shook GB confidence

...

India's administration and defence

India's administration

Previously overseen by British East India Company

Attempt to control Indian Mutiny hit GB hard; lasted 1 year, 1,000s of deaths; Dispatch of GB troops to support EICArmy: demonstrated GB resolve to retain India at all costs; Not surprising GB gov determined a change of rule necessary to prevent recurrence

'We desire to show Our Mercy, by pardoning the Offences of those who have been thus misled'. - Queen Vic

The Government of India Act, 1858

  • EIC handed territories, running & control of India to GB gov & the Company was entirely dissolved
  • Secretary of State for India position created: controlled Indian Civil Service
  • Assisted by Indian Council
  • The Crown appointed a Viceroy to…

Comments

No comments have yet been made