Why did the Central Powers lose World War One?

Causes for the Central Powers' loss of WW1

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  • Created by: Rosa
  • Created on: 23-02-11 23:15

Failure of the Schlieffen Plan

  • Belgian resistance was unexpected; took Germany over 2 weeks to capture Brussels
  • Allies were given time to organize
  • Brought Britain into the war through the attack on Belgian neutrality
  • Some of the German troops were diverted to the Eastern Front to fight Russia
  • September 1914: A stalemate developed at the Battle of the Marne, lack of food/ammunition
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Loss of the War at Sea

  • By the end of 1914, almost all German battleships had been destroyed
  • Allies imposed blockades on Germany, maintained control of the seas
  • 1917: Adopted unrestricted submarine warfare - initially successful until Allies developed convoy system, brought USA into war
  • By 1918, Germany had lost 69 U-boats and were unable to replace them
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The Home Front

  • Economic crisis meant it was difficult to supply the troops
  • Agricultural production fell by 70% in some areas
  • Average daily calorie intake fell from 1 500 - below 1 000 from 1915-17
  • Walter Rathenau failed to nationalize industry
  • They relied on winning the war and taking reparations to pay back war-debt

Contrasting w. Allies

  • Successfully introduced women into the workplace by 1915
  • British gov't nationalized coal minng and shipping and regulated wages and prices
  • Britain increased taxation by 20% to pay for the war
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Failure of Ludendorff Offensive

  • Germany risked everything for a quick victory in 1918
  • They almost reached Paris (80km away) but were overstretched and had no reserves
  • They were encircled by Allied forces and cut off
  • August 8th - Allies advanced and Germans were in full retreat

11th November 1918: Armistace signed ending fighting

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Comments

Miss E

Concise and accurate summary of the 4 main reasons why Germany and the Central Powers lost WWI.

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