Urbanisation = the growth in the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas.
Most urbanisation is happening in LEDCs and at a fast rate.
Urbanisation is linked with economic development.
Urban sprawl = the outward growth of urban areas:
Urban areas develop - growing demand for building land - amount of land is limited - pressure to build on the rural-urban fringe.
The number of people moving away from urban areas to live in the suburban fringe is increasing.
- more space, better living environment, close enough to city centre for work and leisure activities.
Wealthy people in MEDCs are moving from the city centres to the suburbs.
- safer environment, away from slums and squatter settlements.
Rural-urban migration is a major cause of urbanisation. It is the movement of people from the countryside to the cities.
- shortage of services in rural areas, better standard of living in urban areas
- more jobs in urban areas
- subsistence farmers in rural areas - poor harvests and crop failure leads to no income and starvation
- urbanisation occured during the Industrial and the Agricultural Revolutions - machinery replaced labour and leaf people unemployed - people moved to urban areals to work in the factories
- people who left the run down urban areas are going back due to redevelopment
Young people move to cities to find work - young people have children - increase in the proportion of the population living in urban areas (urbanisation)