Urbanisation explained...


Urbanisation = the growth in the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas.

Most urbanisation is happening in LEDCs and at a fast rate.

Urbanisation is linked with economic development.

Urban sprawl = the outward growth of urban areas:

Urban areas develop - growing demand for building land - amount of land is limited - pressure to build on the rural-urban fringe.

The number of people moving away from urban areas to live in the suburban fringe is increasing.

  • more space, better living environment, close enough to city centre for work and leisure activities.

Wealthy people in MEDCs are moving from the city centres to the suburbs.

  • safer environment, away from slums and squatter settlements.
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Rural-Urban Migration

Rural-urban migration is a major cause of urbanisation. It is the movement of people from the countryside to the cities.


  • shortage of services in rural areas, better standard of living in urban areas
  • more jobs in urban areas
  • subsistence farmers in rural areas - poor harvests and crop failure leads to no income and starvation


  • urbanisation occured during the Industrial and the Agricultural Revolutions - machinery replaced labour and leaf people unemployed - people moved to urban areals to work in the factories
  • people who left the run down urban areas are going back due to redevelopment

Young people move to cities to find work - young people have children - increase in the proportion of the population living in urban areas (urbanisation)

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very helpful

thanks! :)



A great resource, thank you

Anya 17.11.2004


It was really useful even though I am only in yr 8. It literally saved me. Thanks

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