National Park Tourism
Honeypot Site: A place of attractive scenery or historic interest that attracts large numbers of visitors
Case Study: Grasmere, Lake District - UK
Housing, 2nd Homes/ New building permission plan
Parking/ Permit parking for locals
Bird Watching & Angling vs Watersports/ Zoning lakes into manageable sections
Traffic Congestion/ Zoning, widen some roads-good sign coverage, narrow others
Ramblers vs Farmers/ Styles instead of gates-footpaths clearly signed.
Attractions: Lakes, scenery, walks (lion&lamb) Woodworth, Beatrix Potter, Sarah Hughes gingerbread, Lakeland Games.
International Travel & Environmental Issues
More disposable income/Local people (LEDCs) employed in the industry tend to be poorly paid*
*compared to MEDCs
Increase in infrastructure (Hospitals, Schools, Emergency Services - Increases literacy rate and life expectancy)/Areas become overcrowded and congested-pollution from cars, aeroplanes and other vehicles.
Brings multi-national cooperations to country, providing consumer goods/most profit made doesn't stay in-country.
Reasons for Tourism growth: Budget airlines, more destinations, highways-car ownership, Retirement, women, Economy, TV-advertisement, travel brochure, aircraft destinations, short haul/long haul, connection(digital), boredom, stress, debit/credit cards, holiday tv, weather.
GDP: the value of goods/services a country produces
GDP per capita: GDP divided by pop. (US$)
GNI per capita: all income generated by economic activity, divided by pop.
HIGH GNI/GDP = RICH COUNTRY
HDI: combines social & economic factors (life expect, educational attainment & GNI)
International Travel & Environmental Issues Cont.
Thai Case Study-
Wealth: Tourism makes up 17% of total GDP
Infrastructure: Bangkok monorail
Jobs: 49% of jobs in Thailand are teritary or service sector
Occupations that support tourism: Hotel workers, food producers (some transnational companies import from typical supplies) caterers, laundry services
Rates of pay: Higher in tourism in Bangkok than national average wage.
Money going abroad: Going to trans-national orginisations eg McDonalds
Loss of cultural identity: Premiership football and Formula 1 often shown in pubs/bars. Nothing to do with Thailand.
Rubbish: Strewn on beaches making swimming unwise = pollution
Coral Reefs: Coral reefs common: Destroyed by swimmers/scuba
Sex Tourism: 60,000 prostitutes - many children - AIDS common - organised crime
- Improve the quality of life for host community
- Provide a high quality experience for visitors
- Maintain the quality of environment on which the host community & tourist depend on
- It's about protecting people's way of life and respecting other cultures
- It's about using public transport where possible
- It means creating jobs for local people
- It's about making sure tourism doesn't damage or upset our surroundings such as plants and wildlife
- It's about buying locally made products
Responsible Tourism Case Study
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION of ANTARTICA TOUR OPERATORS
KEEP ANTARTICA PRISTINE
- Don't drop/throw things overboard (decomposition is slow in cold climates)
- Prevent introduction of non-native species
- Inspect/Clean clothing and equipment before going ashore
- "Take away only memories and photographs"
- Leave no evidence you were there
PROTECT ANTARCTIC WILDLIFE
- All antarctic species are protected -
- Approach slowly and keep distance (15ft)
- Don't feed/touch/handle wildlife
- Don't step on vegetation
RESPECT PROTECTED AREAS
- Take care of Antarctic heritage - don't smoke ashore
RESPECT SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
- Don't interfere with scientific research BE PREPARED FOR ANTHING