Tourism

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  • Created by: Daniel
  • Created on: 09-05-13 18:05

National Park Tourism

Honeypot Site: A place of attractive scenery or historic interest that attracts large numbers of visitors

Case Study: Grasmere, Lake District - UK

Conflict/Management
Housing, 2nd Homes/ New building permission plan

Parking/ Permit parking for locals
Bird Watching & Angling vs Watersports/ Zoning lakes into manageable sections
Traffic Congestion/ Zoning, widen some roads-good sign coverage, narrow others
Ramblers vs Farmers/ Styles instead of gates-footpaths clearly signed.

Attractions: Lakes, scenery, walks (lion&lamb) Woodworth, Beatrix Potter, Sarah Hughes gingerbread, Lakeland Games. 

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International Travel & Environmental Issues

Pros/Cons
More disposable income/Local people (LEDCs) employed in the industry tend to be poorly paid*
*compared to MEDCs 
Increase in infrastructure (Hospitals, Schools, Emergency Services - Increases literacy rate and life expectancy)/Areas become overcrowded and congested-pollution from cars, aeroplanes and other vehicles. 
Brings multi-national cooperations to country, providing consumer goods/most profit made doesn't stay in-country. 
Reasons for Tourism growth: Budget airlines, more destinations, highways-car ownership, Retirement, women, Economy, TV-advertisement, travel brochure, aircraft destinations, short haul/long haul, connection(digital), boredom, stress, debit/credit cards, holiday tv, weather.
GDP: the value of goods/services a country produces
GDP per capita: GDP divided by pop. (US$)
GNI per capita: all income generated by economic activity, divided by pop.
HIGH GNI/GDP = RICH COUNTRY
HDI: combines social & economic factors (life expect, educational attainment & GNI)  

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International Travel & Environmental Issues Cont.

Thai Case Study-
Wealth:
Tourism makes up 17% of total GDP
Infrastructure: Bangkok monorail
Jobs: 49% of jobs in Thailand are teritary or service sector
Occupations that support tourism: Hotel workers, food producers (some transnational companies import from typical supplies) caterers, laundry services
Rates of pay: Higher in tourism in Bangkok than national average wage.

Money going abroad: Going to trans-national orginisations eg McDonalds
Loss of cultural identity: Premiership football and Formula 1 often shown in pubs/bars. Nothing to do with Thailand.
Rubbish: Strewn on beaches making swimming unwise = pollution
Coral Reefs: Coral reefs common: Destroyed by swimmers/scuba
Sex Tourism: 60,000 prostitutes - many children - AIDS common - organised crime

 

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Responsible Tourism

AIMS TO

  • Improve the quality of life for host community
  • Provide a high quality experience for visitors
  • Maintain the quality of environment on which the host community & tourist depend on
  • It's about protecting people's way of life and respecting other cultures
  • It's about using public transport where possible
  • It means creating jobs for local people
  • It's about making sure tourism doesn't damage or upset our surroundings such as plants and wildlife
  • It's about buying locally made products 
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Responsible Tourism Case Study

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION of ANTARTICA TOUR OPERATORS
KEEP ANTARTICA PRISTINE

  • Don't drop/throw things overboard (decomposition is slow in cold climates)
  • Prevent introduction of non-native species
  • Inspect/Clean clothing and equipment before going ashore
  • "Take away only memories and photographs"
  • Leave no evidence you were there                                                      
    PROTECT ANTARCTIC WILDLIFE
  • All antarctic species are protected                                                - 
  • Approach slowly and keep distance (15ft)
  • Don't feed/touch/handle wildlife
  • Don't step on vegetation
    RESPECT PROTECTED AREAS
  • Take care of Antarctic heritage - don't smoke ashore
    RESPECT SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
  • Don't interfere with scientific research         BE PREPARED FOR ANTHING                             
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