Theory Of Mind

HideShow resource information

Baron Cohen: Theory Of Mind

Theory Of Mind 

1 of 7

Aim

Aim 

  • Provide more support for cognitive explanation of autism 
  • Tests theory of mind
2 of 7

Participants

Participants 

 Group 1: 16 participants, 13 males and 3 females, 4 high functioning autism and 12 with aspergers, IQ = 105.3

Group 2: 50 participants, 25 males and 25 females, IQ = normal, general population of cambridge

Group 3: 10 particpants, 8 males and 2 females, age matched with group 1, Touretteres syndrome IQ = 103.5 

3 of 7

Method

Method 

  • Quasi 
  • Eyes  task (25 standardized photos)
  • control tasks: gender recognition, basic emotion task
  • Happes strange stories for concurrent validity 
4 of 7

Results

Results

Austism/Aspergers = 16.3

Control = 20.3

Tourettes = 20.4

  • Group 1 more likely to make mistakes
  • females in normal grouo preformed better than males
  • No difference in control task
5 of 7

Conclusions

Conclusions 

  • Lack of theory of mind is core deficit in autism spectrum
  • Poor preformance on eyes task not due to low intelligence
  • Could not be developmental neuro-physciatric disability as tourettes syndrom had no difficulty in eyes task 
6 of 7

Evaluation

Evaluation 

 Strength:

  • High control over variables
  • Standardized = more easily establish cause and effect 
  • Quantitative Data 

Weaknesses 

  • Low ecological validity 
  • Low mundane realism = easier than demands of real life
7 of 7

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Core studies resources »