term given to a period of european history meaning 'rebirth'
it saw the 'rebirth' of ideas and theories in medicine that people tested and challenged
great period for exploration
people from europe 'discovered' new parts of the world, bringing new plants from africa and america that were useful in medicine
the reformation and the royal society
new religious ideas challenged the authority of the catholic churc, and other christian churchs emerged.
people were still religious but the church's authority declined.
the royal society was established in britain in 1660 by educated men who wanted to discuss scientific ideas
they would be based on, experiments, observations and recording/communicating results
new ideas about anatomy
professor of surgery at padus university
proved many of galen's theories were incorrect.
versalius drew the muscles, skeleton, nerves and organs of the human body from dissections
in 1543 published the book: THE FABRIC OF THE HUMAN BODY
allowing others to learn about the human anatomy
new ideas about blood
discovered galen was wrong about blood
harvey discovered veins ONLY carried blood
which was pumped through the heart
published his findings in 1628 in a book called- AN ATOMICAL ACCOUNT OF THE MOTION OF THE HEART AND BLOOD IN ANIMALS
developments in technology had a POSITIVE IMPACT on medicine:
- better microscope lenses
- invention of mechanical pumps - helped people understand the body worked like a machine
- MOST IMPORTANTLY- printing press was invented in the mid 15th century- allowing ideas and discoveries to be published and widely circulated
impact on medicine
discoveries in the renaissance had no impact on medicine.
it didn't improve treatments or life expectancy
the causes of diesease were still not understood
harvey and vesalius' ideas were slow to be accepted
medical teaching were still based on galen's theories
old treatment methods still used