The FRG 1949-1963

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The constitution of the FRG

  • Split up into federal Lander (regions)
  • Elected Chancellor
  • Ceremonoial President
  • Bundestag - elected politicians 
  • Bundesrat - council of representatives from each Lander
  • Basic Laws - parties needed at least 5% of the vote to gain a seat in the Bundestag
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Adenauer's domestic policies

  • Economic miracle 1950s 
    • FRG was 3rd largest economy in Europe within 10 years
    • income >ed 400%
    • unemployment
  • Social market economy 
    • Ludwig Erhard
    • allowed free markets 
    • almost full unemployment 1950s
  • Codetermination 1951
    • trade union representation on corparate boards
    • worker given representation at managerial level
    • 5 day week 
    • reduced industrial unrest
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Domestic policies

  • Allowed guest workers - cheap to employ & provided labour
  • Equalisation of Burdens Act 1952
    • taxes levies on rich
    • financed settlement of 10 million refugees
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Reasons for Adenauer's longevity

  • Chancellor for 14 years
  • 1957 - CDU was1st party to have overall majority
  • Promised stability - promised 'no experiments'
  • improved the economy - economic miracle
  • appealed to all christians not just catholics
  • opposition to the Cold War - secured release of political prisoners in USSR in 1955   
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Causes of the Economic miracle

  • Marshall Aid 1947 
  • 1948 currency reforms  - controled inflation
  • 1950 Korean war -  demand for steel - output doubled
  • guest workers - more labour for less money
  • codetermination - less strikes 
  • hard working West Germans
  • Social market economy - allow free markets
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Foreign policy

  • Hallestien Doctrine - FRG would not have relations with countries who recognised the GDR - made reunification impossible
  • NATO 
    • European Defense Organsiation formed
    • USA turns this into North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
    • Germany allowed to join in 1955 
    • requires them to remilitarise 
  • Remilitarisation 
    • compulsary military service introduced 1955
    • Bundeswher created - people's army
    • 1961 - 350,000 soldiers
  • Acceptance of international control of the Ruhr 1949
    • wanted to reduce concern of neighbouring countries
    • annoyed Bundestag
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Foreign policy

  • Joins European Coal and Steel Commitee 1951
    • created at Treaty of Paris 1951
    • became the European Economic Committee
  • 1954 - Allied High Commision disbanded
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Reasons for Adenauer's Resignation

  • Reintergration of Nazis
    • 131 laws 1951 -  allowed Nazis to be employed in civil service
    • Minister of Refugees Hans Kruger was an ex-Nazi and was accused of war crimes
  • Der Speigel Affiair - did not stop the arrest of journalists for publishing an article criticising the Bundeswehr - people worried about reemergence of Nazism
  • Didn't visit Berlin Wall for 9 days - asked to promise to resign in 2 years 
  • Succeded by Erhard in 1963
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Comments

Rachael

Silly question, are you the Ellie Garret from my History class with Mrs Roper-Brown? :D

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