- The PM was supposed to be primus inter pares - merely the 'first among equals'.
- Statergy was decided by the cabinet
- Key Policies and decisions were decided by the cabinet
- The cabinet was the focal point of the government.
Prime - Ministerial government
- The PM dominates the media and is the spokesman for the government.
- PM rarely attends the Commons and sees Parliament as of limited importance.
- Cabinet is downgraded in staus and meets less often, and is less involved in decision making.
- Key Civil service appointments are made by NO 10
- The PM works more with his/her 'YES' people and less with ministers and civil servants.
Prime - Ministerial government (continued)
- The PM dominates the policy - making process.
- The PM takes all major decisions taken by ministers - 'micromanages'.
- The PM dominates foreign policy and makes all the key decisions regarding the EU.
- The personality of the PM is vital to the whole administration.
Be careful about viewing the PM as 'presidential' and just assuming that presidents are all - powerful. US presidents are limited by a written constitution.
A better example might be the French President who:
- is directly elected
- appoints the PM and assists the PM with key appointments
- chairs the council of ministers (cabinet)
- has a veto over legislation
- decides on holding referendums
- can dissole parliament
- makes key appointments in the civil service and armed forces
- controls all key foreign policy, defence and EU issues
- plays a key role in the management of the economy
- is subject to less acountability - does not face the equivalent of PMQs
A number of reforms to the office of PM have been considered including:
- creating a Prime Minister's department which is both transparent and accountable
- reducing the royal perogatives the PM controls, such as going to war
- establishing a formal and recognised role for the cabinet in the decison - making process
- requirming parliamentary consent for major decisions