Summit Meetings 1985-1988

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Geneva Summit 1985

What were the aims of the USA?

  • To persuade Gorbachev that a peaceful relationship between the superpowers would be best and would be the most succesful way to cooperate.

Were they successful?

  • The superpowers were able to talk face to face at the meeting and cooperate with eachother.
  • The Geneva Accord was signed.

What were the aims of the USSR?

  • To persuade Reagan to drop his plans to develop the SDI and to establish a working relationship with him.

Were they successful?

  • No formal agreement on arms control was reached.
  • The two superpowers were able to get along and establish a good relationship.
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Reykjavik Summit 1986

What were were the aims of the USA?

  • Reagan wanted to scrap all nuclear ballistic missiles.

Were they successful?

  • Gorbachev refused to cooperate because Reagan was still not cooperating by scrapping the SDI plans.
  • The INF Treaty was drafted.

What were the aims of the USSR?

  • To persuade Reagan to drop his plans for the SDI laser in space.

Were they successful?

  • Reagan refused to scrap his plans for the SDI.
  • The INF Treaty was drafted.
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Washington Summit 1987

What were the aims of the USA?

  • Reagan wanted to reduce the amount of nuclear weapons that both countries had.

Were they successful?

  • The INF Treaty was signed by Reagan and Gorbachev.

What were the aims of the USSR?

  • Gorbachev wanted to reduce the number of nuclear weapons they had.
  • He still wanted Reagan to drop his plans for the SDI laser.

Were they successful?

  • The INF Treaty was signed.
  • Reagan did not agree to scrap plans for the SDI.
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Moscow Summit 1988

What were the aims of the USA?

  • Reagan promised to remove troops from Afghanistan.
  • Bush and Gorbachev talked about arms limitation.

Were they successful?

  • The CFE Treaty was signed by NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

What were the aims of the USSR?

  • Gorbachev wanted Reagan to remove his troops from Afghanistan, showing his intention to get along with him.

Were they successful?

  • Reagan promised to remove his troops from Afghanistan.
  • The CFE Treaty was signed.
  • The superpower relations were good.
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