INTRO - A - B - B1 - A1 - OUTRO
1. Opening- quiet, syncopated
2. A THEME- loud, strident
3. B THEME- lyrical, slow moving.
Bernstein uses these three themes but varies them with lyrics and metre.
HARMONY AND TONALITY
MAINLY IN D MAJOR
At the end of section A, it modulates to C MAJOR
Switches between these two keys througout and there are hints of bi-tonality.
Use of the TRITONE INTERVAL (augmented 4th) acts as a unifying feature throughout the musical and is sometimes call 'diabulus in musica' as it is foreboding.
Harmony is jazz influenced:
- Frequent 7th chords
- Other added note chords
INSTRUMENTATION AND WORD SETTING
SOLO TENOR VOICE ACCOMPANIED BY A LARGE ORCHESTRA
So they don't overpower the soloist the orchestra play with:
- Quiet dynamics
- Soft timbres
- A homophonic texture.
DECLAMENTORY- 'It may come cannon-balling' (like its being said)
SYLLABIC- 'its only just out of reach'
LYIRICAL PHRASING- 'The air is humming' (also violins play tremolo, represents humming)
The song is mostly syllabic.
RHYTHM, METRE AND TEMPO
-Accompaniment is made up of off-beat chords and an on-beat bass part, this creates a cross rhythm.
-Syncopation is frequently used, maintains excitement.
-Fast, also maintains excitement.
Changes between 2/4 and 3/4.
Texture is homophonic.
1. Repeated opening riff
2. Short, syncopated chords
3. Fast, um-cha accompaniment
FEATURES OF MUSICALS
-Musical: A play where the words are sung instead of played.
-Popular version of an opera.
-Songs linked by acted scenes.
-Some composers drew on the rhyths of 20th C. jazz and classical music.