Sociology Unit 1

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Key theories

Functionalism: 

- Postive

- Nuclear family ( 4 functions) (RESS) (reproduction, socialisation, economic needs, stableisation)

-High expectations of marriage

- Parsons & Murdock

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Key theories

Marxism

-Negative

-Family contributes to capitalism ( inheritence of property, ideological functions, unit of consumption)

-Abolish family

- Partichal family

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Key theories

Feminism- Liberal

- Sex discrimination

- Legal inequality

- More opportunities

- Oppression being over come

- Some change

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Key theories

Feminism- Radical

- Men benefit from women

-  Source of womens oppression

- Divorce is good

- Marriage is patriachal

- Oppression

- Desire plitical lesbianism

Anne Oakley

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Key theories

Post modernism

- 2 stages of change

- Have changed from modernist views

- Choice and diversity

- Divorce gives individuals freedom

- Chester- Neo-conventional famil - nuclear & shared roles

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Key theories

New right-

-Family is weakened by social policies

- Preverse incentives

-Dependency Culture

-Young Parents and lone parents

-Murray - Nuclear family essential for socialisation & Non-nuclear- course of crime

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Domestic division of labour

Parsons-

-Agrees with feminists

-  Believes in the nuclear family

  - Instrumental and expressive roles

- Believes in segregation

- Beneficial for men and women

- Bilogical differences

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Feminists view on DDOL

Feminists - Dual Burden

- Dunnes study (Gender scripts) 47                 lesbian couples!

 -Male do 4% of child care

Radical--No change

- Ann oakley

-Patriachy & Oppression
Liberal - Some change

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Elizabeth Bott

Bott-  -Segregated couples 

- Seperate roles

- Conjugal Roles - Joint and segregated

- Shared Household & Child care

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Young and Willmott DDOL

Young and willmott -
                        1) New technology

2) High standards of living

3) Geographical Mobility

4)Changes in the position of women

- Symetrical family

- More equal

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