Simple/Giant Covalent Structures

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Simple/Giant Covalent Structures

Simple molecular substances consist of molecules in which the atoms are joined by strong covalent bonds. However, the molecules are held together by weak forces so these substances have low melting and boiling points. They do not conduct electricity.

Giant covalent structures contain many atoms joined together by covalent bonds to form a giant lattice. They have high melting and boiling points. Graphite and diamond have different properties because they have different structures. Graphite conducts heat and electricity well because it also has free electrons.

Simple molecular substances:

  • Low melting and boiling points - This is because the weak intermolecular forces break down easily.
  • Non-conductive - Substances with a simple molecular structure do notconduct electricity. This is because they do not have any free electrons or an overall electric charge.                                                                              

 Giant covalent structures:

  • High melting and boiling points- It contains strong covalent bonds         
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