Schizophrenia

A brief overview of AQA (B) schizophrenia

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  • Created by: Stephanie
  • Created on: 26-01-11 09:44

Classification

DSM 1V classification system

Temporal criteria:

- Before 45 years of age

- Symptoms occured for at least 6 months

- Deterioration in functioning

Substantive criteria:

- Psychosis

- Affects psychological processes

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Types of schizophrenia

Type 1- Positive symptoms

Type 2- Negative symptoms

  • Paranoid
  • Disorganised
  • Catatonic
  • Undifferentiated

(Test yourself and try to list 2 symptoms for the above types)

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Problems of diagnosis

Problems:
 

  • Cross-over of symptoms
  • Labelling
  • Side effects of drug treatments
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Biological Approach

Genetics:
-Twin studies Gottesman

- Adoption studies Hesten, Tienara

- Evaluation

- Diathesis stress model

Dopamine hypothesis:
- PET scan

- Excess neurotransmitter dopamine

Brain abnormality

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Socio-cultural

- Labelling Rosenhan

- Expressed emotion Vaughn

- Family dysfunction- schizophrenagenic family Laing

- Double bind Bateson

- Diathesis stress model

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Cognitive

- Faulty information processing

- Overload of auditory information

- Inability to selectively attend

Becky and Rector

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Treaments

- Anti-psychotic drugs Cole

- Behavioural treaments

- Token economy Paul & Lentz

-  Psychotherapy-psychodynamic therapy

- Cognitive-insight therapy Stein & Test

- Community care

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Comments

Savanna

It doesn't seem like it's completely finished.

fataman

lacking a lot, this would not get anyone a U, let alone a pass at C

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