symptoms, types, explanations and treatments of schizophrenia

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 07-12-10 23:05

Positive Symptoms



Thought Disturbances

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Negative symptoms

Disturbances of affect - emotional blunting

Psychomotor disorder - e.g. catatonia

Lack of volition or will - withdarws from social situations, inability to make decisions


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Biological explanations

1. Genetics

Family Studies - Gottesman - risk of schizophrenia : Uncle/Aunt - 2% Offspring of 2 schizophrenic parents - 46%

Indicates schizophrenia runs in families, however family members that are closely related tend to spend more time together so, environmental factors cannot be ruled out.

Twin Studies - Gottesman - concordance 46% in MZ and 14% in DZ twins.

Concordance rates not 100% in MZ which would be expected as they share 100% genes; suggests that other factors must play a part

Adoption Studies - Heston - 16% of adopted children with a schizophrenic mother were diagnosed

Biologically deterministic and reductionist

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