Robbery

s8 Theft Act 1968

'A person is guilty of robbery if he steals, and immediately before or at the time of doing so, and in order to do so, he uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any person in fear of being then and there subjected to force'

Actus reus:

-Theft

-Use of force

Mens Rea:

-MR for theft

-Intended to use force to steal

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Completed theft

Robinson- There must be a completed theft for a robbery to have been committed

Corcoran v Anderton- Where force is used to steal, the moment the theft is complete there is a robbery

Force or threat of force:

Dawson and James- Force is needed for there to be a robbery, but the amount only has to be small

Clouden- This includes wrenching a bag from V's hand

B and R v DPP- V does not have to be afraid

The force does not have to be on the person from whom the theft occurs

Hale- For robbery, theft has been held to be a continuing act

Lockley- Using force to escape can still be at the time if the theft

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Force in order to steal

The force must be used in order to steal. Force used for another purpose does not become robbery if D later decides to steal

Mens rea:

-Mens rea for theft

-Intention to use force to steal

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