Moral evil is the result of any morally negative event caused by the intentional action of a human.
An example of a moral evil might be murder, or any other evil event for which someone can be held responsible
Natural evil is an evil that humans are unable to control.
For example an earthquake or tsunami
Personal Evil is evil that is described within a person
For example Lucifer
Psychological Phenomenon is the thought of an image that becomes someone
For example The devil
Satan and Lucifer
Satan and Lucifer are two names used as a representation for the devil
Original Sin is the first time a human sinned - Adam and Eve
Augustinian Theodicy states that natural evil is caused by fallen angels, whereas moral evil is as a result of man having distanced themselves from God. Augustine argued that God could not have created evil in the world, as it was created good, and that all notions of evil are simply a deviation from goodness. Evil cannot be a separate and unique substance. For example, Blindness is not a separate entity, but is merely a lack of sight. Thus the Augustinian theodicist would argue that the problem of evil and suffering is caused because God did not create evil; it was man who chose to deviate from the path of perfect goodness.
Irenean Theodicy states that one cannot achieve moral goodness or love for God if there is no evil and suffering in the world. Evil is soul-making and leads one to be truly moral and close to God. God created an epistemic distance (such that God is not immediately knowable) so that we may come to know him and by doing so become truly good. Evil is a means to good for 3 main reasons:
- Means of knowledge Hunger leads to pain, and causes a desire to feed. Knowledge of pain prompts humans to seek to help others in pain.
- Character Building Evil offers the opportunity to grow morally.
- Predictable Environment The world runs to a series of natural laws. These are independent of anything living in the universe. Natural Evil only occurs when these natural laws conflict with our own perceived needs. This is not immoral in any way
The problem of evil is often given in the form of an inconsistent triad:
God is omnipotent (all-powerful)
God is omnibenevolent (all-loving)
There is evil in the world
Either God does not exist or there is no evil in the world
Epicurus first posed the problem of evil
Either God wants to abolish evil, and cannot; or he can, but does not want to. If he wants to, but cannot, he is impotent. If he can, but does not want to, he is wicked. If God can abolish evil, and God really wants to do it, why is there evil in the world?
The Fall is the first time sin was brought into the world after Adam and Eve ate the apple in the garden of eden.
Purgatory is mainly a catholic belief is the condition or process of purification or temporary punishment in which, it is believed, the souls of those who die in a state of grace are made ready for Heaven
Gehenna is a biblical city where the people threw their rubbish over the walls into a constant fire. This image is used to descibe hell
Salvation is God's sacrifice for us on the cross. And being able to be brought closer and one with God
Forgiveness suggests that as God is Omnibenevolent (all loving) then he forgives all no matter what they have done
Reconciliation is the process of being made consistent or compatible with God
Conscience is a judgment of the mind that distinguishes right from wrong.