Abortion: deliberate expulsion of the foetus from the womb with the intention to destroy it.
Abortion act (1967): The UK law on abortion, which was amended by the human fertilisation and Embryology Act (1990)
Adoption: Where one/two people take on someone elses child legally as their own.
Akhirah: Belief in Judgement day, heaven and hell.
Allah: One god, Islamic term for god.
Animal exerimentation: Use of animals to test products and medicines, and to advance medical knowledge.
Animal rights: The idea that animals should have rights becuase of respect for life.
Atman: Inner 'self'/soul.
Bible: Christian holy book.
Brahman: Ultimate Reality.
Buddha: Siddattha Gotama, The enlightened one, Founder of buddhism.
Climate change: Global warming, which is characterised by freak and extreme weather, and which is seen as the major issue for the planet.
Cloning: Taking the DNA from something and using it to produce a replica of the original being.
Conservation: Helping to mend environmental damage, or to protect the environment.
Creation: Idea that god created the world from nothing.
Destruction: Causing the loss of something.
Dhamma: Buddhist teaching.
Disability: Lack of ability relative to the standard for a group.
Discrimination: Acting on prejudice.
Emissions: The release of gases and pollutants into the atmosphere that can cause environmental damage and health problems.
Eternal life: Christian concept of life everylasting with god in heaven after this life.
Sentient being: Idea that all life has sensory bility, e.g. can see, hear, etc.
Sexism: Prejudice based on gender.
Shari'ah Law: Law of Islamic countries, Based on Qu'ran, Hadith and Sunnah.
Stewardship: Belief that humans are given the duty/task to look after the world for god; in Islam, Khalifah.
Suffering: Pain and discomfort felt as a result of something, can be caused by nature or humans.
Sunnah: The words and deeds from phrophet Muhhammad collected into a book.
Sustainable development: Developing techonologies that can be continued, and which do not cause more long-term harm than good.
Tipitaka: Buddhist scriptures, means 'Three baskets' after three groups of scriptures.
Ummah: brotherhood - All Muslims are part of the Ummah.
Vegetarianism: non-meat diet; Those who do not eat dairy products are vegan.
Viability: Capacity for survival, i.e. When i foetus is likely to survive if born, in the UK at 24 weeks.
War: Two or more sides or nations in armed conflict against each other.
Waste: Unwanted or undesired material ot substance produced by human activity, also referred to as rubbish.
Zoo: Place where animals are kept on show for the public to see, most are from the other countries and climates.