Psychological explanations for AN

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: KCharlish
  • Created on: 20-03-16 17:13

AO1 1 - Media

  • Thin models on TV, magazines etc contribute to body image concerns and drive for thinness among western adolescent girls. 
  • Jones and Buckingham - low self esteem = more likely to compare themselves to idealised images. 
1 of 10

AO1 2 - Peer influence

  • adolescents may be more susceptible to peer influences such as disordered eating patterns within their group.
  • Eisenberg - dieting among friends was related to unhealthy weight control behaviours.
  • Teasing of underweight boys and overweight girls enforences gender based ideals
2 of 10

AO1 3 - Psychodynamic

  • Bruch's psychodynamic explanation - ineffective and effective parenting
  • Children of ineffective parenting grow up confused about their internal needs and become overly reliant on their parents. 
  • During adolescence they strive for independance but have to take excessive control over their body shape and devloping abnormal eating habits. 
3 of 10

AO2 1 - Becker Fiji girls

  • Fijian girls
  • after the introduction of television to the island they stated a desire to lose weight and be like the women on western tv. 
  • Lack internal validity - change in attitude may not directly lead to AN
4 of 10

AO2 2 - avoiding AN

  • Intervention prior to media exposure prevents the adverse effects of media exposure. 
5 of 10

AO2 3 - IDA

  • Fashion industry in France responded by pledging to use a diversity of body types and not just the 'thin ideal'
6 of 10

AO2 4 - Peer influences

  • Shroff and Thompson - no correlation among friends on measures of diordered eating in an adolescent sample.
  • Jones and Crawford - support for teasing of underweight boys and overweight girls 
7 of 10

AO2 5 - psychodynamic support

  • Steiner - parents of adolescents with AN tend to define their childrens needs rather than letting them define their own. 
8 of 10

AO2 6 - Lack of control

  • Button and Warren - group of AN sufferers - relied excessively on opinions of others and felt a lack of control in their lives.
9 of 10

IDA 2 - Gender bias

  • research is based on females
  • psychological factors that affect women may not explain the onset of AN for men due to them percieving environmental factors differently.
10 of 10


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Eating disorders resources »