AO1 1 - Media
- Thin models on TV, magazines etc contribute to body image concerns and drive for thinness among western adolescent girls.
- Jones and Buckingham - low self esteem = more likely to compare themselves to idealised images.
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AO1 2 - Peer influence
- adolescents may be more susceptible to peer influences such as disordered eating patterns within their group.
- Eisenberg - dieting among friends was related to unhealthy weight control behaviours.
- Teasing of underweight boys and overweight girls enforences gender based ideals
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AO1 3 - Psychodynamic
- Bruch's psychodynamic explanation - ineffective and effective parenting
- Children of ineffective parenting grow up confused about their internal needs and become overly reliant on their parents.
- During adolescence they strive for independance but have to take excessive control over their body shape and devloping abnormal eating habits.
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AO2 1 - Becker Fiji girls
- Fijian girls
- after the introduction of television to the island they stated a desire to lose weight and be like the women on western tv.
- Lack internal validity - change in attitude may not directly lead to AN
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AO2 2 - avoiding AN
- Intervention prior to media exposure prevents the adverse effects of media exposure.
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AO2 3 - IDA
- Fashion industry in France responded by pledging to use a diversity of body types and not just the 'thin ideal'
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AO2 4 - Peer influences
- Shroff and Thompson - no correlation among friends on measures of diordered eating in an adolescent sample.
- Jones and Crawford - support for teasing of underweight boys and overweight girls
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AO2 5 - psychodynamic support
- Steiner - parents of adolescents with AN tend to define their childrens needs rather than letting them define their own.
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AO2 6 - Lack of control
- Button and Warren - group of AN sufferers - relied excessively on opinions of others and felt a lack of control in their lives.
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IDA 2 - Gender bias
- research is based on females
- psychological factors that affect women may not explain the onset of AN for men due to them percieving environmental factors differently.
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