Music Overviews - Dance

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  • Created by: Tom Allen
  • Created on: 14-06-10 13:10

The Baroque Suite

1) Minuet

  • Usually 3/4 - Elegant
  • Meduim Tempo
  • Carried over to classical

2) Sarabande

  • Usually 3/4
  • Slower and serious
  • Second beat stressed
  • Oranaments

3) Gavotte

  • Usually 2/2
  • Quick but stately
  • Anacrusis, Simple with lots of sequences
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4) Gigue

  • Really lively
  • Usually 6/8
  • Came at the end
  • USUALLY IN BINARY BUT REPEATED (AABB)
  • OCASSIONALLY THEY USED TURNARY (ABA)
  • CONTRASTING
  • OBVIOUS CADENCE
  • MAIN LINE PLAYED BY STRINGS
  • BASS/HARMONY PLAYED BY A PIANO INSTRUMENT
  • FLUTES, OBOES, BASSOONS, HORNS SOMETIMES HEARD
  • SIZE OF ORCHESTRA DEPENDED ON AMOUNT OF MONEY FROM PATRON
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Polka

  • Polka 1830 - More energy
  • More jerkier
  • Usually 2/4
  • Binary or Turnary
  • Fancy Orchestral Effects
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Waltz

Started in Vienna

Usually 3/4 - Oom Cha Cha, Oom Cha Cha - Mainly found in the accompanying part

  • Steady and constant beat
  • Mainly Chords I, IV, V
  • Speed of chords - Harmonic Rhythm
  • Appoggiaturas and chromatic notes to spice it up
  • Mainly played by large orchestreas - Romantic
  • Percussion was very vaired
  • Waltzes used in ballrooms
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Club Music

'Usually 4/4 and 120bpm to make it easy to dance to

Most had a hook

  • Rap grew out of Jamaican Reggae
  • Rap influenced Hip Hop

Club Styles

  • Techno - Fast, hard beat, 130 - 150bpm, no voices, mechanical and electronic
  • Jungle - Mega fast tempo, 170bpm, drum-based, short fast notes 'break beats'
  • Drum'n'bass - Fusion of Jazz and Funk - very heavy on drums and bass
  • UK Garage - Ideas from jungle, drum'n'bass and modern rhythms. Vocals used like percussion
  • Trance - Very repetitive, uses echoes. Slow chord changes over fast beat
  • Ambient - Jazzy chilled
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  • Mixing - Ministry of sound (continous)
  • Scratching
  • Sampling - Snipets of other sounds
  • Looping - Repeated at some pitch
  • Digital Effects
  • Quanitising - Move everything
  • Sequences - Repeated at different pitch
  • Remixing - Speading up etc
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Salsa - Out of Son

  • Clave - Hitting two sticks together called claves to create a rhythm - The thing you tap your foot to
  • Repeated patterns - Maracas, Bongos
  • Call and response
  • Mainly Primary Chords
  • Syncopation
  • Jazz Chords - 7ths, 9ths with added notes (School duet final chord)
  • Imitation
  • Walking bass lines
  • Comping - Playing chords rhythmically

Intro, Verse, Montuno (Inprovises chorus), Mambo, Montuno, Ending

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Samba/Tango

Samba

  • Brazilian
  • 2/4 or 4/4
  • Major
  • Lots of percussion
  • Carnivals
  • Samba whistle in charge

Tango

  • Sexy dance from Argentina
  • 2/4 or 4/4
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