Age affecting EWT - AO1
- Parker and Carranza - child witnesses more errors than students.
- Child witnesses higher rate of choosing 'someone' byt made more errors with identification.
- Yarmey - 651 adults in public. Recall physical characteristics of young woman spoken to 15 secs two minutes ago.
- 3 age groups; young, middle aged and older. No significant difference. Older - less confident
- Memon et al - studied accuracy of young and older eyewitnesses
- If delay short (35 mins) no difference in accuracy.
- When delayed by one week, older significantly less accurate.
1 of 2
The Own Age Bias - AO2
- Majority of studies asked to identify people of college age.
- P's may have superior memory for faces in their age group.
- Anastasi and Rhodes - 3 age groups (18-25, 35-45, 55-78).
- Shown 24 photos to rate attractiveness...Filler activity.
- Shown 48, 24 from before + 24 distractors.
- Young/middle aged significantly more accurate than older P's.
- All groups more accurate in identifying own age group.
- Findings consistent with own-race bias - people better at identifying faces from own ethnic group. Brigham and Malpass
2 of 2