Medicine

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ancient

treatments? prayers and rememdies.

ideas about sickness? 4 humours, gods and spirits.

surgery? setting broken bones and trephining.

healers? mother, family, medicine man and prayers.

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egyptians

healers? specialist docters and family members.

knowledge of the body? learned about the anatomy from enbalming but didnt know what each part did.

eygptians developed writing!

ideas about cause of illness? caused by god and evil spirits and natural theory of that when chanels from the body became blocked( like the river nile).

preventing illness? washed twice a dayand before meals. used soda, scented oil and ointments as soap. makeup that included powdered emerald green ore which helped reduce eye infections but didnt realise at the time!

everyday treatments? treatments made from herbs, plants, minerals and animal parts. doctors developed new treatments to unblock blocked channels. carried out trephing.

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greek

hippocrates- hipocratic oath(confidence with docters), four humours theory (blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm), encouraged doctors to use natural treatments rather than praying, advised that observing and recording was nessaccery to become more successful.

surgery? amputate limbs and set broken bones also learned how to drain the lungs for people who had pneumonia. used bleeding cups to get rid of excess blood ( four humours).

asclepia- simple temples- contained baths, gymnasium, athletics stadium and a theatre.

ascelpius- greek god of healing . idea of snake licking eyelids to cure blindness.

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roman

Galen- wrote over 350 books on medicine! was used by med students for over 1500years! dissection and surgery- knowledge of anatomy. careful observation. four humours and idea of opposites. his most common treatment was bleeding paitents to restore balance of the humours.

public health in rome? aqueducts carried fresh water to towns, reservoirs held water supply and distributed it to the piping system, public latrines flushed by water from the public baths and then drained to the sewers however seated 20 people in one room. forts had their own watersupply and bath house also had hospitals for soldiers. sewers emptied into rivers which was used to wash clothes and was a washing and drinking area. bath houses for washing excercise, talk and buisness. bath water was only changed once a week plus 5000 people used it a week ewwwww. public fountains provided water for drinking and washing.

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